Antique Sheraton Dining Room Server
GREENWICH— JOHN FENWICK, a Quaker, came to South Jersey in 1675. His acreage backing eventually amid Salem and Cumberland Counties of today, or about one-tenth of New Jersey.
Greenwich, one of the aboriginal English-speaking settlements in southern New Jersey, was fabricated the Official Port of Entry of the Colony of West Jersey in 1701. Pelts, deerskins, cedar posts and shingles, wheat, beef, blah and blubber were alien from actuality to added colonies and the West Indies.
Greenwich is a rural boondocks set amid farmlands, with a brace of food and the Cohansey River aloof out of afterimage above the alpine trees. Ye Greate Street, the capital thoroughfare, still evokes the past, what with its admirable houses of the 18th and 19th centuries.
It is account it to appointment Greenwich, if alone to audit the accumulating of antiques in Gibbon Abode on Ye Greate Artery and to apprentice about the Ware family, whose associates fabricated chairs in this breadth from about 1780 to the backward 1930's.
The Nicholas Gibbon House, which is now address for the Cumberland County Historical Society, was congenital in 1730 for a affluent merchant. Features of the early-Georgian appearance brick abode accommodate a cartoon allowance with admirable paneling, angled cabinets at anniversary ancillary of the broiler and a nine-foot-wide broiler in the kitchen.
In the advanced anteroom is a baby atramentous table of English oak with angry legs that dates to about 1630. The angled top folds in half, appropriately enabling it to be agitated as luggage.
A amber ancillary armchair in the cartoon allowance is attributed to one of the best acclaimed 18th-century cabinetmakers, William Savery of Philadelphia, who formed from 1742 to about 1787. It has a trifid foot, a solid aback splat with Chippendale curls and a small, slanted Chippendale ear.
In the dining allowance are several adorned argent pieces, including a repousse-flowered bullpen and adorned bonbon dishes. These are from the acreage of above Gov. Charles Edison, son of Thomas A. Edison.
A award-winning allotment admiral is a carved board figurehead from a address that sank in the Delaware in 1797. The continuing amount of a woman in abounding atramentous and gray apparel - she is about four anxiety alpine - was anticipation to accept been carved by William Rush, a self-taught Philadelphia sculptor and acclaimed carver of figureheads.
In a aback bedchamber is a alternative of chairs fabricated by associates of the Ware family, who lived a few afar away. The aboriginal of them, Maskell Ware, was apprenticed to John Lanning, a Salem chairmaker, in 1778.
Five of Mr. Ware's sons fabricated chairmaking their life's work. They and after ancestors of Wares fabricated chairs in Newport, Alloway, Salem, Bridgeton and Roadstown.
The aftermost of the Ware chairmakers, George Ware, died in 1940. Until the backward 1930's, he formed in Roadstown, breadth Maskell Ware had started in business.
The Wares fabricated straight-arm, rocking, dining and children's aerial and absurd chairs, as able-bodied as a array of stools. Best were ladderbacks with blitz seats, and the best accepted copse acclimated was a bounded swamp maple.
Front and aback posts were angry on a jig pole, a affectionate of lathe and one of the aboriginal machines acclimated in the Colonies. The arced ladders for the aback were fabricated by assimilation the copse in baptize and again anchor it over a shaped block to dry. Upright posts were of partly blooming copse that would bind about absolutely broiled rungs. No nails were used.
The adapted accomplishment was a duke abrading that larboard oil from the bark on the wood. Tours of the abode Tuesday through Saturday (noon to 4 P.M.) are absolutely abundant and amount $1 each. On Sunday, aback the hours are 2 to 5 P.M., the tours are added accidental and amount alone 50 cents.
The Gibbon Abode is accessible to visitors from April through October, but it bankrupt Mondays and additionally on Sundays in August. Antiques food in the breadth occasionally accept Ware chairs for sale. You ability appetite to appointment The Griffin, an antiques and crafts abundance at the arctic end of Ye Greate Street. At the time of a contempo visit, the boutique had added than a dozen chairs that Sara Watson, the owner, said were fabricated by the Wares.
She should know. President of the Cumberland County Historical Society, Mrs. Watson is an ascendancy on Ware chairs and has written, with Richard Joslin King, a album alleged ''American Craftsmen: The Ware Chairmakers'' ($1.50).
She had for auction a five-slat rocker of ablaze maple with accoutrements that she attributed to John Ware and anachronous about 1830-50. The amount was $600. A George Ware four-slat ladderback of maple, fabricated about 1920, was $400.
''George Ware affected some of the Maskell Ware turnings, such as the annular advanced stretcher,'' Mrs. Watson said. ''Each Ware had his baby variations of administration that advice in anecdotic them.
''The turnings of the advanced rungs, legs and aback column finials differentiate them. Seats were fabricated from a three-sided blitz begin locally and done in a apparent or checky pattern.''
The Griffin, which additionally carries bounded crafts and books and advice on the area, is accessible from apex to 4 P.M. Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. The blast cardinal is (609) 451-5867.
In the Presbyterian cemetery beyond the artery are the graves of Maskell Ware, the aboriginal Ware chairmaker, and his wife, Hannah. Calendar of Events
Tuesday through Saturday - Summer Antiques Week, Paramus Park Mall, off Route 17, Paramus. 60 dealers. Hours: 9:30 A.M.-9:30 P.M. Glass aliment available. Prceeds from appraisals ($3) account the Bergen County Museum. Information: (201) 262-3063.
Thursday through Saturday - Annual appearance and auction of antiques, Aboriginal Presbyterian Church, Capital Street, Sparta. 23 dealers. Tea allowance and country abundance available. Hours: Thursday and Friday, 11 A.M.-9 P.M.; Saturday, 11 A.M.-5:30 P.M. Admission: $1.75. Information: (201) 729-6197.
Friday through abutting Sunday -Greater New Jersey Antiques Appearance and Sale, Sheraton Heights Hotel, Route 17 and I-80, Hasbrouck Heights. 60 dealers. Hours: Friday and Saturday, apex to 10 P.M.; Sunday, apex to 7 P.M. Admission: $3. Information: (201) 627-9271.
Illustrations: photo of Antiques and Interiors and The Griffin photo of the autogenous of the Gibbon Abode in Greenwich